Brain Drain in the phenomenon that describes intelligent individuals moving to other countries if they believe they will have a better chance of finding work somewhere else, or be able to earn a better education in a different location. While this could be beneficial to the individual, this can be detrimental to the country in which they grew up. If you are mastering a field, and are able to give back to the community which helped foster your skills, but choose to leave to work somewhere else, this does not feed back into teaching others or helping others in your original location. This also serves to drain your community of the “top scholars” that you had at hand, which makes room for workers of lesser competence taking the jobs that are now available. In turn, this hurts the economy. But, if you would not get the paycheck you studied hard to earn, or be able to challenge yourself in the field that you are competing in, it is hard to justify staying in one place if it is a location that wouldn’t help you in the long run.
This issue is becoming a rising problem in the nation of Italy. 100,000 people left for a new country in 2015 alone, and these numbers are climbing as the years go by. The lack of supporting jobs available and money being earned leads to a low birth rate, and in turn a low birth rate leads to a populations lack of ability to grow its economy through work and funding. In this declining rate of economic growth, it seems like leaving could be the right option if you are considering your needs to support your family and yourself. Statistically, those who have left to work abroad have been “happier” in their new location. But, these facts do not mean that Italy is not a positive working environment or a great place to raise your children. Italy is currently undergoing a job crisis, which effects all aspects of daily life, but does not define the country as a whole. The government is currently taking steps to entice more Italians to stay in the country for education or work by creating incentives that would make it worth while to stay. They are recognizing the problem at hand, and are taking actions to try to better their current economic situation.
This feeds into our last topic discussing the decline in job availability, and high unemployment rate in Italy. If there are not companies that are successful, people who know how to get businesses started, or a stable enough environment to be conducive to economic growth, it is almost impossible to create jobs. This also plays into our earlier discussions on Italian national identity. If you do not feel as attached to your country, or personally driven to grow the economy where you are living, it makes it a much easier decision to leave. This is why it is important to educate your citizens on why these declines are happening, and the steps that could be taken to reverse these declines. If people know how they can affect the change in their own community where generations of their family has grown up, and can increase their national identity, then they may be more enticed to stay to better their home. It’s not an easy change to enact, and it has to be done over time, but the Italian government is currently working to improve this Brain Drain the country is experiencing.